GLOSWI visit report to Iraq

Although the humanitarian context in Iraq has transitioned into a new phase in 2018 after the finalization of the last conflict, vulnerable people continue to face immense challenges. Almost 18% of Iraq’s population of 37 million is in need of some form of humanitarian assistance.

Out of an estimated 6.7 million people in need, the humanitarian system will target 1.75 million, a population which includes both in camp and out-of-camp IDPs, returnees, and vulnerable host communities.

Specifically for WASH in Iraq, partners will target 1.2 million people, plus an additional 250,000 refugees.

More than a third of the total 1.8 million displaced people and nearly all of the 250,000 Syrians refugees in Iraq continue to seek a place of safety in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

At KRI, 1.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance (721k being IDPs, most of them living outside camp settings), but only 0.5 million will be targeted (347k IDPs). For WASH at KRI, partners will target 300,000 people plus 241,000 refugees living in the region.

In terms of water, groundwater resources are reportedly being depleted due to overuse. The lack of a complete hydrogeological study at KRI make difficult to fully understand the water resource and possible long term mitigation measures.

As a strategic focus, the WASH Cluster continues to advocate for a longer-term improvement of water and sanitation facilities, while strengthening the capacity of local authorities to take ownership of facilities through regular operation and maintenance. Emphasis is on linking humanitarian WASH interventions with recovery/ reconstruction and development partners.

The WASH cluster strategy for 2019 has got 4 pillars of work as detailed below, with pillars 1 and 3 containing the use of solar-water solutions as a key activity.

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